Tobacco by the Numbers

Tobacco-related Disparities:
Reducing tobacco-related disparities across populations defined in terms of: socioeconomic status (income, health insurance status, education, occupation), gender and geography continue to be an overarching of SelfMade Health Network.

Data Statistics Medical Breast Cancer Meharry PlanTobacco use (including smoking) is not distributed equally across all facets of society. Rather, it continues to become increasingly higher among individuals with the lowest levels of educational attainment, income, and occupational status
  • Tobacco Use: In the United States, more than 16 million adults are living with a disease attributed to smoking. Reference: Smoking and Tobacco Use-Fast Facts (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Tobacco-related Mortality:
    • In the United States, cigarette smoking is attributed to more than 480,000 deaths per year, including more than 41,000 deaths associated with secondhand smoke exposure. This is equates to 1 in 5 deaths annually, or 1,300 deaths every day.
    • For every person who dies from smoking, approximately 30 people live with a serious smoking-related illness.
      Reference: Smoking and Tobacco Use-Fast Facts (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • As a result of the CDC’s Tips From Former Smokers campaign ( 2012-2015), it is estimated that over 9 million Americans have tried to quit smoking cigarettes, and over half a million have quit long-term.
    Reference: CDC Tips® Impact and Results
  • Tobacco Use and Socioeconomic Status (SES):
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    Medicaid enrollees smoke cigarettes at a significantly higher rate or twice as high compared to privately insured adults (25.3% versus 11.8%).
    Reference: DiGiulio A, Jump Z, Yu A, et al. State Medicaid Coverage for Tobacco Cessation Treatments and Barriers to Accessing Treatments — United States, 2015–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:390–395.

    Prevalence of any current tobacco product use is higher among adults who are uninsured (31.0%), Medicaid beneficiaries or enrollees (28.2%) or had some other public health insurance (26.8%) compared to adults with private insurance (16.2%) or Medicare only (11.0%).
    Reference: Wang TW, Asman K, Gentzke AS, et al. Tobacco Product Use Among Adults — United States, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:1225–1232.

    Prevalence of any current tobacco product use is higher among adults with a disability/limitation (25.0%) compared to adults without a disability (18.8%).
    Reference: Wang TW, Asman K, Gentzke AS, et al. Tobacco Product Use Among Adults — United States, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:1225–1232.

    Secondhand smoke exposure is greater among blue-collar industry workers (including workers with low levels of education, income and in certain occupations) compared to white-collar workers.
    Reference: Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao, The Prevalence of Exposure to Workplace Secondhand Smoke in the United States: 2010 to 2015, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2017, Pages 1300–1307.

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    A greater density of tobacco retailers and tobacco product advertising exist in low-income and predominantly minority neighborhoods compared to other neighborhoods.

  • Tobacco Use and Medical Costs: Higher smoking rates among adults costs the Medicaid program approximately $39.6 billion annually or accounts for approximately 15 percent of annual Medicaid spending. Reference: Xu X, Bishop EE, Kennedy SM, Simpson SA, Pechacek TF. Annual Healthcare Spending Attributable to Cigarette Smoking: An Update. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2015;48(3):326-333.

 

Additional Data and Resources:

Cancer Rates by State: Cancer Data and Statistics (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Website link: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/data/index.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System-Medicaid Coverage of Tobacco Cessation Treatments Fact Sheet
Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/statesystem

COPD Across America: How does your state compare?
Website link: https://www.copdfoundation.org/What-is-COPD/Understanding-COPD/Statistics.aspx

State of Tobacco Control 2019: Proven Policies to Prevent and Reduce Tobacco Use (American Lung Association)
Website link: https://www.lung.org/our-initiatives/tobacco/reports-resources/sotc/

United States Surgeon Report: E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults
Website link: https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/resources.html

Tobacco Nation: An Ongoing Crisis Examining the Health and Policy Disparities of U.S. States with the Highest Smoking Rates (Truth Initiative)
Website link: https://truthinitiative.org/tobacconation

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/

Smoke-Free Public Housing Resources (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development) for cities and towns To reduce health risks associated with exposure to secondhand smoke and other tobacco-related use
https://www.hud.gov/program_offices/public_indian_housing/programs/ph/phecc/smokefree

U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database and Map: Smokefree Workplaces, Hospitals, Colleges and Airports (Americans for NonSmokers’ Rights)
https://no-smoke.org/materials-services/lists-maps/#1518201067673-6868b0a6-0a4e

Evidence Summaries and Reports-Disparities in Point-of-Sale (POS) Advertising, Retailer Density and Schools
https://countertobacco.org/resources-tools/evidence-summaries/

To learn more about Cancer and Tobacco-related Disparities and Resources to support your organization, community and state, please access:

SelfMade Health Network (SMHN) Determinants of Health Fact Sheets

SelfMade Health Network (SMHN) "Opening Doors" Webcast Series

SelfMade Health Network (SMHN) Featured Resources to Distribute

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